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Unicus Global Science Olympiad Class 10 Syllabus

Class 10

Classic Section

Content Domains Main Topics Sub-Topics
Physics Current Electricity Fundamental concepts of electricity
Mathematical relationship between voltage, current, and resistance
Series and parallel circuits, circuit diagrams, and calculations involving resistance
Relationship between e.m.f., terminal voltage and internal resistance
Combination of resistors
Heating effect of electric current and its applications
Electrical energy and power
Electromagnetism Principles of magnetic effects of electric current
Patterns and direction of magnetic fields
Introduction to electromagnetic induction
Force on a current carrying conductor
Magnetic properties of matter: paramagnetism, diamagnetism, and ferromagnetism
Calorimetry Relationship between heat capacity and specific heat capacity
Understanding heat transfer and the concept of specific heat
Principle of calorimetry
Consequences of high specific heat capacity of water
Change of phase and latent heat
Applications of calorimetry: heat transfer calculations in various systems
Optics and Spectrum Refration of light through glass block, triangular prism and lenses and their applications
Total internal reflection and its applications
Characteristics and location of images formed by lenses using ray diagrams and determination of magnification
Electromagnetic spectrum
Natural phenomena related to refraction, dispersion and scattering of light
Application of various lenses in correction of vision defects
Machines Mechanical advantage: concept of mechanical advantage in various machines
Work and power: work and power calculations in the context of simple machines
Ideal vs. real machines: understanding the concept of efficiency and factors affecting it in machines
Examples of simple machines: levers, inclined planes, wedges, screws, pulleys, and their applications
Chemistry Periodicity in Properties of Elements Organisation of elements: groups (families) and periods
Periodic trends: atomic size, ionization energy, electron affinity, electronegativity
Classification of elements: metals, non-metals, metalloids
Periodicity and electron configuration
Study of acids, bases and Salts Ionisation and dissociation of ions present in mineral acids, alkalis and salts and their solutions
Understanding the ph scale, calculations involving ph, poh, and the use of indicators.
Neutralisation and salt formation: detailed study of reactions, properties of salts, and applications
Mole Concept and Stoichiometry Avogadro's number and the mole: conceptual understanding and calculations
Empirical and molecular formulas: determination and conversions
Stoichiometric calculations: reactants, products, limiting reagents, and yield
Chemical reactions and bonding Types of chemical reactions (synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, double replacement, combustion)
Oxidation and reduction reactions
Chemical bonding: ionic, covalent, metallic
Intermolecular forces and their effects
Energy changes in chemical reactions: exothermic and endothermic reactions
Organic Chemistry Hydrocarbons, their structure, types and bonding
Functional groups
Introduction to organic reactions
Isomerism in hydrocarbons
Metallurgy Metal: structure, bonding and properties
Ores and minerals: definition, types, and importance
Extraction of metals: principles and methods – reduction (chemical and electrolytic), refining processes
Alloys: composition, preparation, and properties
Corrosion and its prevention: mechanisms of corrosion and protective measures
Biology Cell cycle and division Elementary understanding of chomosome, its structure and division
Cell cycle: phases and regulation
Mitosis: stages and significance
Meiosis: process and importance in sexual reproduction
Basic Fundamentals of Genetics and Hereditary Chromosomal theory of inheritance: chromosomes, genes, and alleles
Mendelian genetics: monohybrid and dihybrid crosses
Non-mendelian inheritance: incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles, sex-linked inheritance
Pedigree analysis
Variations in populations: causes and mechanisms (mutations, recombination)
Life Processes Nutrition: autotrophs, heterotrophs, modes of nutrition (photosynthesis, cellular respiration)
Transport systems in plants and animals (xylem, phloem, circulatory system)
Respiration in plants and animals
Excretion and osmoregulation
Control and Coordination Control and coordination in plants, plant hormones, trophic movements, the concept of homeostasis and its importance
Nervous system: structure and function of neurons, central nervous system  and peripheral nervous system, reflexes
Endocrine system: hormones and their roles in maintaining homeostasis
Reproduction in Organisms Diversity of reproductive strategies in the natural world
Concept of gametes and their role in sexual reproduction
Plant reproduction
Human reproductive system and the process of sexual reproduction in humans: gametogenesis and fertilisation
Evolution and Speciation Darwin's theory of evolution: natural selection, variation, adaptation, fitness.
evidence for evolution: fossil records, comparative anatomy and embryology, biogeography.
speciation: formation of new species through mechanisms like geographic isolation.
Environmental Science Ecosystem Flow and transfer of energy in a food chain
Ecological pyramids and trophic levels
Abiotic elements of an ecosystem
Impact of human activities on environment
Conventional and Non-conventional energy sources Conventional energy sources: fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas), hydropower
Environmental impact of conventional energy sources: emissions, depletion of resources
Non-conventional energy sources: solar, wind, geothermal, biomass
Advantages and disadvantages of different energy sources
The future of energy: renewable resources and sustainability

Scholar Section

Higher Order Thinking Questions - Syllabus as per Classic Section

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